|(c) photo: freedigitalphoto.net|
Adoption laws in Russia had already been very strict. In 2004 it was estimated that 6,000 Russian children were adopted by US families. This number has dropped to only around 1,000 children in 2012. More than 60,000 children have been adopted by US families over the past 20 years and according to UNICEF there are 740,000 abandoned or orphaned children in Russia.
After the vote of the Parliament the new measure now has to be signed into law by President Putin. It is likely that Putin will sign the new bill. (Update from Dec. 28, 2012: Putin signed Dima Yakovlev Act) He had called the measure an “legitimate response” to a recently signed U.S. law that calls for sanctions against human rights violations in Russia. This U.S law was dubbed the “Magnitsky Act”, after Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, a 37-year old who died in a Russian detention centre in 2009. He had exposed a multimillion dollar fraud of officers of Russia's Interior Ministry and was therefore awaiting trial.
Author: Laura Hien